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On August 6 and 9, 1945 the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Two American military aircraft razed two cities to the ground

Enola Gay, you should have stayed at home yesterday: this is how Orchestral Maneuvers in the Dark sang in 1980, a song that has remained the band's main success, precisely “Enola Gay”. It is the same name as the B-29 Superfortress bomber plane that became sadly infamous. On August 6, 1945, exactly 75 years ago, this aircraft dropped the first atomic bomb in history on the city of Hiroshima. The piece of music is all conditional, but history is not made with "ifs" and "buts". On that day and then also on the following August 9, two bombs razed as many places to the ground, with the second bombing launched on Nagasaki. World War II was already over, but Japan did not intend to surrender. After conducting some nuclear tests on July 16, United States decided to attack Japanese nation and extinguish any attempt at resistance.

At 8:15 am on August 6,1945, a uranium atomic bomb renamed "Little Boy" leveled Hiroshima, causing the instant death of 70,000 people (the inhabitants were 255,000). The radiation then increased the number of deaths in the following years.

On August 9 it was the turn of Nagasaki: the bomber chosen for the mission was the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, which dropped the bomb called "Fat man". In reality, the city was a secondary choice, the primary target was Kokura which however did not guarantee good visibility from above due to the clouds. In this case, the death toll varies from a minimum of 22,000 to a maximum of 75,000 people. Even 75 years later, the names and places have remained well impressed in the mind, a double tragedy that will always be difficult to understand and forget.

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AVIONEWS - World Aeronautical Press Agency
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